rdopt.c 83.4 KB
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/*
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 *  Copyright (c) 2010 The WebM project authors. All Rights Reserved.
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 *
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 *  Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license
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 *  that can be found in the LICENSE file in the root of the source
 *  tree. An additional intellectual property rights grant can be found
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 *  in the file PATENTS.  All contributing project authors may
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 *  be found in the AUTHORS file in the root of the source tree.
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 */


#include <stdio.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include "pragmas.h"

#include "tokenize.h"
#include "treewriter.h"
#include "onyx_int.h"
#include "modecosts.h"
#include "encodeintra.h"
#include "entropymode.h"
#include "reconinter.h"
#include "reconintra.h"
#include "reconintra4x4.h"
#include "findnearmv.h"
#include "encodemb.h"
#include "quantize.h"
#include "idct.h"
#include "g_common.h"
#include "variance.h"
#include "mcomp.h"

#include "vpx_mem/vpx_mem.h"
#include "dct.h"
#include "systemdependent.h"

#if CONFIG_RUNTIME_CPU_DETECT
#define IF_RTCD(x)  (x)
#else
#define IF_RTCD(x)  NULL
#endif


void vp8cx_mb_init_quantizer(VP8_COMP *cpi, MACROBLOCK *x);

#define RDCOST(RM,DM,R,D) ( ((128+(R)*(RM)) >> 8) + (DM)*(D) )

#define MAXF(a,b)            (((a) > (b)) ? (a) : (b))



const int vp8_auto_speed_thresh[17] =
{
    1000,
    200,
    150,
    130,
    150,
    125,
    120,
    115,
    115,
    115,
    115,
    115,
    115,
    115,
    115,
    115,
    105
};

const MB_PREDICTION_MODE vp8_mode_order[MAX_MODES] =
{
    ZEROMV,
    DC_PRED,

    NEARESTMV,
    NEARMV,

    ZEROMV,
    NEARESTMV,

    ZEROMV,
    NEARESTMV,

    NEARMV,
    NEARMV,

    V_PRED,
    H_PRED,
    TM_PRED,

    NEWMV,
    NEWMV,
    NEWMV,

    SPLITMV,
    SPLITMV,
    SPLITMV,

    B_PRED,
};

const MV_REFERENCE_FRAME vp8_ref_frame_order[MAX_MODES] =
{
    LAST_FRAME,
    INTRA_FRAME,

    LAST_FRAME,
    LAST_FRAME,

    GOLDEN_FRAME,
    GOLDEN_FRAME,

    ALTREF_FRAME,
    ALTREF_FRAME,

    GOLDEN_FRAME,
    ALTREF_FRAME,

    INTRA_FRAME,
    INTRA_FRAME,
    INTRA_FRAME,

    LAST_FRAME,
    GOLDEN_FRAME,
    ALTREF_FRAME,

    LAST_FRAME,
    GOLDEN_FRAME,
    ALTREF_FRAME,

    INTRA_FRAME,
};

static void fill_token_costs(
    unsigned int c      [BLOCK_TYPES] [COEF_BANDS] [PREV_COEF_CONTEXTS] [vp8_coef_tokens],
    const vp8_prob p    [BLOCK_TYPES] [COEF_BANDS] [PREV_COEF_CONTEXTS] [vp8_coef_tokens-1]
)
{
    int i, j, k;


    for (i = 0; i < BLOCK_TYPES; i++)
        for (j = 0; j < COEF_BANDS; j++)
            for (k = 0; k < PREV_COEF_CONTEXTS; k++)

                vp8_cost_tokens((int *)(c [i][j][k]), p [i][j][k], vp8_coef_tree);

}

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static int rd_iifactor [ 32 ] =  {    4,   4,   3,   2,   1,   0,   0,   0,
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                                      0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,
                                      0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,
                                      0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,   0,
                                 };


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/* values are now correlated to quantizer */
static int sad_per_bit16lut[QINDEX_RANGE] =
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{
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    5,  5,  5,  5,  5,  5,  6,  6,
    6,  6,  6,  6,  6,  7,  7,  7,
    7,  7,  7,  7,  8,  8,  8,  8,
    8,  8,  8,  8,  8,  8,  9,  9,
    9,  9,  9,  9, 10, 10, 10, 10,
    10, 10, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11,
    12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 13,
    13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 14, 14, 14,
    14, 14, 15, 15, 15, 15, 15, 15,
    16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 17, 17,
    17, 17, 17, 17, 17, 18, 18, 18,
    18, 18, 19, 19, 19, 19, 19, 19,
    20, 20, 20, 21, 21, 21, 21, 22,
    22, 22, 23, 23, 23, 24, 24, 24,
    25, 25, 26, 26, 27, 27, 27, 28,
    28, 28, 29, 29, 30, 30, 31, 31
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};
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static int sad_per_bit4lut[QINDEX_RANGE] =
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{
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    5,  5,  5,  5,  5,  5,  7,  7,
    7,  7,  7,  7,  7,  8,  8,  8,
    8,  8,  8,  8,  10, 10, 10, 10,
    10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 11, 11,
    11, 11, 11, 11, 13, 13, 13, 13,
    13, 13, 14, 14, 14, 14, 14, 14,
    16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 17,
    17, 17, 17, 17, 17, 19, 19, 19,
    19, 19, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20,
    22, 22, 22, 22, 22, 22, 23, 23,
    23, 23, 23, 23, 23, 25, 25, 25,
    25, 25, 26, 26, 26, 26, 26, 26,
    28, 28, 28, 29, 29, 29, 29, 31,
    31, 31, 32, 32, 32, 34, 34, 34,
    35, 35, 37, 37, 38, 38, 38, 40,
    40, 40, 41, 41, 43, 43, 44, 44,
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};

void vp8cx_initialize_me_consts(VP8_COMP *cpi, int QIndex)
{
    cpi->mb.sadperbit16 =  sad_per_bit16lut[QIndex];
    cpi->mb.sadperbit4  =  sad_per_bit4lut[QIndex];
}

void vp8_initialize_rd_consts(VP8_COMP *cpi, int Qvalue)
{
    int q;
    int i;
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    double capped_q = (Qvalue < 160) ? (double)Qvalue : 160.0;
    double rdconst = 3.00;
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    vp8_clear_system_state();  //__asm emms;

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    // Further tests required to see if optimum is different
    // for key frames, golden frames and arf frames.
    // if (cpi->common.refresh_golden_frame ||
    //     cpi->common.refresh_alt_ref_frame)
    cpi->RDMULT = (int)(rdconst * (capped_q * capped_q));
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    // Extend rate multiplier along side quantizer zbin increases
    if (cpi->zbin_over_quant  > 0)
    {
        double oq_factor;
        double modq;

        // Experimental code using the same basic equation as used for Q above
        // The units of cpi->zbin_over_quant are 1/128 of Q bin size
        oq_factor = 1.0 + ((double)0.0015625 * cpi->zbin_over_quant);
        modq = (int)((double)capped_q * oq_factor);
        cpi->RDMULT = (int)(rdconst * (modq * modq));
    }
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    if (cpi->pass == 2 && (cpi->common.frame_type != KEY_FRAME))
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    {
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        if (cpi->next_iiratio > 31)
            cpi->RDMULT += (cpi->RDMULT * rd_iifactor[31]) >> 4;
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        else
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            cpi->RDMULT += (cpi->RDMULT * rd_iifactor[cpi->next_iiratio]) >> 4;
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    }

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    if (cpi->RDMULT < 125)
        cpi->RDMULT = 125;
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    cpi->mb.errorperbit = (cpi->RDMULT / 100);
    vp8_set_speed_features(cpi);

    if (cpi->common.simpler_lpf)
        cpi->common.filter_type = SIMPLE_LOOPFILTER;

    q = (int)pow(Qvalue, 1.25);

    if (q < 8)
        q = 8;

    if (cpi->RDMULT > 1000)
    {
        cpi->RDDIV = 1;
        cpi->RDMULT /= 100;

        for (i = 0; i < MAX_MODES; i++)
        {
            if (cpi->sf.thresh_mult[i] < INT_MAX)
            {
                cpi->rd_threshes[i] = cpi->sf.thresh_mult[i] * q / 100;
            }
            else
            {
                cpi->rd_threshes[i] = INT_MAX;
            }

            cpi->rd_baseline_thresh[i] = cpi->rd_threshes[i];
        }
    }
    else
    {
        cpi->RDDIV = 100;

        for (i = 0; i < MAX_MODES; i++)
        {
            if (cpi->sf.thresh_mult[i] < (INT_MAX / q))
            {
                cpi->rd_threshes[i] = cpi->sf.thresh_mult[i] * q;
            }
            else
            {
                cpi->rd_threshes[i] = INT_MAX;
            }

            cpi->rd_baseline_thresh[i] = cpi->rd_threshes[i];
        }
    }

    fill_token_costs(
        cpi->mb.token_costs,
        (const vp8_prob( *)[8][3][11]) cpi->common.fc.coef_probs
    );

    vp8_init_mode_costs(cpi);

}

void vp8_auto_select_speed(VP8_COMP *cpi)
{
    int used = cpi->oxcf.cpu_used;

    int milliseconds_for_compress = (int)(1000000 / cpi->oxcf.frame_rate);

    milliseconds_for_compress = milliseconds_for_compress * (16 - cpi->oxcf.cpu_used) / 16;

#if 0

    if (0)
    {
        FILE *f;

        f = fopen("speed.stt", "a");
        fprintf(f, " %8ld %10ld %10ld %10ld\n",
                cpi->common.current_video_frame, cpi->Speed, milliseconds_for_compress, cpi->avg_pick_mode_time);
        fclose(f);
    }

#endif

    /*
    // this is done during parameter valid check
    if( used > 16)
        used = 16;
    if( used < -16)
        used = -16;
    */

    if (cpi->avg_pick_mode_time < milliseconds_for_compress && (cpi->avg_encode_time - cpi->avg_pick_mode_time) < milliseconds_for_compress)
    {
        if (cpi->avg_pick_mode_time == 0)
        {
            cpi->Speed = 4;
        }
        else
        {
            if (milliseconds_for_compress * 100 < cpi->avg_encode_time * 95)
            {
                cpi->Speed          += 2;
                cpi->avg_pick_mode_time = 0;
                cpi->avg_encode_time = 0;

                if (cpi->Speed > 16)
                {
                    cpi->Speed = 16;
                }
            }

            if (milliseconds_for_compress * 100 > cpi->avg_encode_time * vp8_auto_speed_thresh[cpi->Speed])
            {
                cpi->Speed          -= 1;
                cpi->avg_pick_mode_time = 0;
                cpi->avg_encode_time = 0;

                // In real-time mode, cpi->speed is in [4, 16].
                if (cpi->Speed < 4)        //if ( cpi->Speed < 0 )
                {
                    cpi->Speed = 4;        //cpi->Speed = 0;
                }
            }
        }
    }
    else
    {
        cpi->Speed += 4;

        if (cpi->Speed > 16)
            cpi->Speed = 16;


        cpi->avg_pick_mode_time = 0;
        cpi->avg_encode_time = 0;
    }
}

int vp8_block_error_c(short *coeff, short *dqcoeff)
{
    int i;
    int error = 0;

    for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
    {
        int this_diff = coeff[i] - dqcoeff[i];
        error += this_diff * this_diff;
    }

    return error;
}

int vp8_mbblock_error_c(MACROBLOCK *mb, int dc)
{
    BLOCK  *be;
    BLOCKD *bd;
    int i, j;
    int berror, error = 0;

    for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
    {
        be = &mb->block[i];
        bd = &mb->e_mbd.block[i];

        berror = 0;

        for (j = dc; j < 16; j++)
        {
            int this_diff = be->coeff[j] - bd->dqcoeff[j];
            berror += this_diff * this_diff;
        }

        error += berror;
    }

    return error;
}

int vp8_mbuverror_c(MACROBLOCK *mb)
{

    BLOCK  *be;
    BLOCKD *bd;


    int i;
    int error = 0;

    for (i = 16; i < 24; i++)
    {
        be = &mb->block[i];
        bd = &mb->e_mbd.block[i];

        error += vp8_block_error_c(be->coeff, bd->dqcoeff);
    }

    return error;
}

int VP8_UVSSE(MACROBLOCK *x, const vp8_variance_rtcd_vtable_t *rtcd)
{
    unsigned char *uptr, *vptr;
    unsigned char *upred_ptr = (*(x->block[16].base_src) + x->block[16].src);
    unsigned char *vpred_ptr = (*(x->block[20].base_src) + x->block[20].src);
    int uv_stride = x->block[16].src_stride;

    unsigned int sse1 = 0;
    unsigned int sse2 = 0;
    int mv_row;
    int mv_col;
    int offset;
    int pre_stride = x->e_mbd.block[16].pre_stride;

    vp8_build_uvmvs(&x->e_mbd, 0);
    mv_row = x->e_mbd.block[16].bmi.mv.as_mv.row;
    mv_col = x->e_mbd.block[16].bmi.mv.as_mv.col;

    offset = (mv_row >> 3) * pre_stride + (mv_col >> 3);
    uptr = x->e_mbd.pre.u_buffer + offset;
    vptr = x->e_mbd.pre.v_buffer + offset;

    if ((mv_row | mv_col) & 7)
    {
        VARIANCE_INVOKE(rtcd, subpixvar8x8)(uptr, pre_stride, mv_col & 7, mv_row & 7, upred_ptr, uv_stride, &sse2);
        VARIANCE_INVOKE(rtcd, subpixvar8x8)(vptr, pre_stride, mv_col & 7, mv_row & 7, vpred_ptr, uv_stride, &sse1);
        sse2 += sse1;
    }
    else
    {
        VARIANCE_INVOKE(rtcd, subpixvar8x8)(uptr, pre_stride, mv_col & 7, mv_row & 7, upred_ptr, uv_stride, &sse2);
        VARIANCE_INVOKE(rtcd, subpixvar8x8)(vptr, pre_stride, mv_col & 7, mv_row & 7, vpred_ptr, uv_stride, &sse1);
        sse2 += sse1;
    }

    return sse2;

}

#if !(CONFIG_REALTIME_ONLY)
static int cost_coeffs(MACROBLOCK *mb, BLOCKD *b, int type, ENTROPY_CONTEXT *a, ENTROPY_CONTEXT *l)
{
    int c = !type;              /* start at coef 0, unless Y with Y2 */
    int eob = b->eob;
    int pt ;    /* surrounding block/prev coef predictor */
    int cost = 0;
    short *qcoeff_ptr = b->qcoeff;

    VP8_COMBINEENTROPYCONTEXTS(pt, *a, *l);

# define QC( I)  ( qcoeff_ptr [vp8_default_zig_zag1d[I]] )

    for (; c < eob; c++)
    {
        int v = QC(c);
        int t = vp8_dct_value_tokens_ptr[v].Token;
        cost += mb->token_costs [type] [vp8_coef_bands[c]] [pt] [t];
        cost += vp8_dct_value_cost_ptr[v];
        pt = vp8_prev_token_class[t];
    }

# undef QC

    if (c < 16)
        cost += mb->token_costs [type] [vp8_coef_bands[c]] [pt] [DCT_EOB_TOKEN];

    pt = (c != !type); // is eob first coefficient;
    *a = *l = pt;

    return cost;
}

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static int vp8_rdcost_mby(MACROBLOCK *mb)
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{
    int cost = 0;
    int b;
    MACROBLOCKD *x = &mb->e_mbd;
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    ENTROPY_CONTEXT_PLANES t_above, t_left;
    ENTROPY_CONTEXT *ta;
    ENTROPY_CONTEXT *tl;

    vpx_memcpy(&t_above, mb->e_mbd.above_context, sizeof(ENTROPY_CONTEXT_PLANES));
    vpx_memcpy(&t_left, mb->e_mbd.left_context, sizeof(ENTROPY_CONTEXT_PLANES));
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    ta = (ENTROPY_CONTEXT *)&t_above;
    tl = (ENTROPY_CONTEXT *)&t_left;
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    for (b = 0; b < 16; b++)
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        cost += cost_coeffs(mb, x->block + b, 0,
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                    ta + vp8_block2above[b], tl + vp8_block2left[b]);
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    cost += cost_coeffs(mb, x->block + 24, 1,
                ta + vp8_block2above[24], tl + vp8_block2left[24]);
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    return cost;
}


static void rd_pick_intra4x4block(
    VP8_COMP *cpi,
    MACROBLOCK *x,
    BLOCK *be,
    BLOCKD *b,
    B_PREDICTION_MODE *best_mode,
    B_PREDICTION_MODE above,
    B_PREDICTION_MODE left,
    ENTROPY_CONTEXT *a,
    ENTROPY_CONTEXT *l,

    int *bestrate,
    int *bestratey,
    int *bestdistortion)
{
    B_PREDICTION_MODE mode;
    int best_rd = INT_MAX;       // 1<<30
    int rate = 0;
    int distortion;
    unsigned int *mode_costs;

    ENTROPY_CONTEXT ta = *a, tempa = *a;
    ENTROPY_CONTEXT tl = *l, templ = *l;


    if (x->e_mbd.frame_type == KEY_FRAME)
    {
        mode_costs  = x->bmode_costs[above][left];
    }
    else
    {
        mode_costs = x->inter_bmode_costs;
    }

    for (mode = B_DC_PRED; mode <= B_HU_PRED; mode++)
    {
        int this_rd;
        int ratey;

        rate = mode_costs[mode];
        vp8_encode_intra4x4block_rd(IF_RTCD(&cpi->rtcd), x, be, b, mode);

        tempa = ta;
        templ = tl;

        ratey = cost_coeffs(x, b, 3, &tempa, &templ);
        rate += ratey;
        distortion = ENCODEMB_INVOKE(IF_RTCD(&cpi->rtcd.encodemb), berr)(be->coeff, b->dqcoeff) >> 2;

        this_rd = RDCOST(x->rdmult, x->rddiv, rate, distortion);

        if (this_rd < best_rd)
        {
            *bestrate = rate;
            *bestratey = ratey;
            *bestdistortion = distortion;
            best_rd = this_rd;
            *best_mode = mode;
            *a = tempa;
            *l = templ;
        }
    }

    b->bmi.mode = (B_PREDICTION_MODE)(*best_mode);
    vp8_encode_intra4x4block_rd(IF_RTCD(&cpi->rtcd), x, be, b, b->bmi.mode);

}


int vp8_rd_pick_intra4x4mby_modes(VP8_COMP *cpi, MACROBLOCK *mb, int *Rate, int *rate_y, int *Distortion)
{
    MACROBLOCKD *const xd = &mb->e_mbd;
    int i;
    int cost = mb->mbmode_cost [xd->frame_type] [B_PRED];
    int distortion = 0;
    int tot_rate_y = 0;
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    ENTROPY_CONTEXT_PLANES t_above, t_left;
    ENTROPY_CONTEXT *ta;
    ENTROPY_CONTEXT *tl;

    vpx_memcpy(&t_above, mb->e_mbd.above_context, sizeof(ENTROPY_CONTEXT_PLANES));
    vpx_memcpy(&t_left, mb->e_mbd.left_context, sizeof(ENTROPY_CONTEXT_PLANES));

    ta = (ENTROPY_CONTEXT *)&t_above;
    tl = (ENTROPY_CONTEXT *)&t_left;
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    vp8_intra_prediction_down_copy(xd);

    for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
    {
        MODE_INFO *const mic = xd->mode_info_context;
        const int mis = xd->mode_info_stride;
        const B_PREDICTION_MODE A = vp8_above_bmi(mic, i, mis)->mode;
        const B_PREDICTION_MODE L = vp8_left_bmi(mic, i)->mode;
        B_PREDICTION_MODE UNINITIALIZED_IS_SAFE(best_mode);
        int UNINITIALIZED_IS_SAFE(r), UNINITIALIZED_IS_SAFE(ry), UNINITIALIZED_IS_SAFE(d);

        rd_pick_intra4x4block(
            cpi, mb, mb->block + i, xd->block + i, &best_mode, A, L,
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            ta + vp8_block2above[i],
            tl + vp8_block2left[i], &r, &ry, &d);
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        cost += r;
        distortion += d;
        tot_rate_y += ry;
        mic->bmi[i].mode = xd->block[i].bmi.mode = best_mode;
    }

    *Rate = cost;
    *rate_y += tot_rate_y;
    *Distortion = distortion;

    return RDCOST(mb->rdmult, mb->rddiv, cost, distortion);
}

int vp8_rd_pick_intra16x16mby_mode(VP8_COMP *cpi, MACROBLOCK *x, int *Rate, int *rate_y, int *Distortion)
{

    MB_PREDICTION_MODE mode;
    MB_PREDICTION_MODE UNINITIALIZED_IS_SAFE(mode_selected);
    int rate, ratey;
    unsigned int distortion;
    int best_rd = INT_MAX;

    //Y Search for 16x16 intra prediction mode
    for (mode = DC_PRED; mode <= TM_PRED; mode++)
    {
        int this_rd;
        int dummy;
        rate = 0;

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        x->e_mbd.mode_info_context->mbmi.mode = mode;
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        rate += x->mbmode_cost[x->e_mbd.frame_type][x->e_mbd.mode_info_context->mbmi.mode];
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        vp8_encode_intra16x16mbyrd(IF_RTCD(&cpi->rtcd), x);

        ratey = vp8_rdcost_mby(x);

        rate += ratey;

        VARIANCE_INVOKE(&cpi->rtcd.variance, get16x16var)(x->src.y_buffer, x->src.y_stride, x->e_mbd.dst.y_buffer, x->e_mbd.dst.y_stride, &distortion, &dummy);

        this_rd = RDCOST(x->rdmult, x->rddiv, rate, distortion);

        if (this_rd < best_rd)
        {
            mode_selected = mode;
            best_rd = this_rd;
            *Rate = rate;
            *rate_y = ratey;
            *Distortion = (int)distortion;
        }
    }

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    x->e_mbd.mode_info_context->mbmi.mode = mode_selected;
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    return best_rd;
}


static int rd_cost_mbuv(MACROBLOCK *mb)
{
    int b;
    int cost = 0;
    MACROBLOCKD *x = &mb->e_mbd;
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    ENTROPY_CONTEXT_PLANES t_above, t_left;
    ENTROPY_CONTEXT *ta;
    ENTROPY_CONTEXT *tl;

    vpx_memcpy(&t_above, mb->e_mbd.above_context, sizeof(ENTROPY_CONTEXT_PLANES));
    vpx_memcpy(&t_left, mb->e_mbd.left_context, sizeof(ENTROPY_CONTEXT_PLANES));
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    ta = (ENTROPY_CONTEXT *)&t_above;
    tl = (ENTROPY_CONTEXT *)&t_left;
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    for (b = 16; b < 20; b++)
        cost += cost_coeffs(mb, x->block + b, vp8_block2type[b],
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                    ta + vp8_block2above[b], tl + vp8_block2left[b]);
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    for (b = 20; b < 24; b++)
        cost += cost_coeffs(mb, x->block + b, vp8_block2type[b],
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                    ta + vp8_block2above[b], tl + vp8_block2left[b]);
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    return cost;
}


unsigned int vp8_get_mbuvrecon_error(const vp8_variance_rtcd_vtable_t *rtcd, const MACROBLOCK *x) // sum of squares
{
    unsigned int sse0, sse1;
    int sum0, sum1;
    VARIANCE_INVOKE(rtcd, get8x8var)(x->src.u_buffer, x->src.uv_stride, x->e_mbd.dst.u_buffer, x->e_mbd.dst.uv_stride, &sse0, &sum0);
    VARIANCE_INVOKE(rtcd, get8x8var)(x->src.v_buffer, x->src.uv_stride, x->e_mbd.dst.v_buffer, x->e_mbd.dst.uv_stride, &sse1, &sum1);
    return (sse0 + sse1);
}

static int vp8_rd_inter_uv(VP8_COMP *cpi, MACROBLOCK *x, int *rate, int *distortion, int fullpixel)
{
    vp8_build_uvmvs(&x->e_mbd, fullpixel);
    vp8_encode_inter16x16uvrd(IF_RTCD(&cpi->rtcd), x);


    *rate       = rd_cost_mbuv(x);
    *distortion = ENCODEMB_INVOKE(&cpi->rtcd.encodemb, mbuverr)(x) / 4;

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    return RDCOST(x->rdmult, x->rddiv, *rate, *distortion);
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}

int vp8_rd_pick_intra_mbuv_mode(VP8_COMP *cpi, MACROBLOCK *x, int *rate, int *rate_tokenonly, int *distortion)
{
    MB_PREDICTION_MODE mode;
    MB_PREDICTION_MODE UNINITIALIZED_IS_SAFE(mode_selected);
    int best_rd = INT_MAX;
    int UNINITIALIZED_IS_SAFE(d), UNINITIALIZED_IS_SAFE(r);
    int rate_to;

    for (mode = DC_PRED; mode <= TM_PRED; mode++)
    {
        int rate;
        int distortion;
        int this_rd;

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        x->e_mbd.mode_info_context->mbmi.uv_mode = mode;
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        vp8_encode_intra16x16mbuvrd(IF_RTCD(&cpi->rtcd), x);

        rate_to = rd_cost_mbuv(x);
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        rate = rate_to + x->intra_uv_mode_cost[x->e_mbd.frame_type][x->e_mbd.mode_info_context->mbmi.uv_mode];
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        distortion = vp8_get_mbuvrecon_error(IF_RTCD(&cpi->rtcd.variance), x);

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        this_rd = RDCOST(x->rdmult, x->rddiv, rate, distortion);
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        if (this_rd < best_rd)
        {
            best_rd = this_rd;
            d = distortion;
            r = rate;
            *rate_tokenonly = rate_to;
            mode_selected = mode;
        }
    }

    *rate = r;
    *distortion = d;

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    x->e_mbd.mode_info_context->mbmi.uv_mode = mode_selected;
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    return best_rd;
}
#endif

int vp8_cost_mv_ref(MB_PREDICTION_MODE m, const int near_mv_ref_ct[4])
{
    vp8_prob p [VP8_MVREFS-1];
    assert(NEARESTMV <= m  &&  m <= SPLITMV);
    vp8_mv_ref_probs(p, near_mv_ref_ct);
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    return vp8_cost_token(vp8_mv_ref_tree, p,
                          vp8_mv_ref_encoding_array - NEARESTMV + m);
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}

void vp8_set_mbmode_and_mvs(MACROBLOCK *x, MB_PREDICTION_MODE mb, MV *mv)
{
    int i;

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    x->e_mbd.mode_info_context->mbmi.mode = mb;
    x->e_mbd.mode_info_context->mbmi.mv.as_mv.row = mv->row;
    x->e_mbd.mode_info_context->mbmi.mv.as_mv.col = mv->col;
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    for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
    {
        B_MODE_INFO *bmi = &x->e_mbd.block[i].bmi;
        bmi->mode = (B_PREDICTION_MODE) mb;
        bmi->mv.as_mv.row = mv->row;
        bmi->mv.as_mv.col = mv->col;
    }
}

#if !(CONFIG_REALTIME_ONLY)
static int labels2mode(
    MACROBLOCK *x,
    int const *labelings, int which_label,
    B_PREDICTION_MODE this_mode,
    MV *this_mv, MV *best_ref_mv,
    int *mvcost[2]
)
{
    MACROBLOCKD *const xd = & x->e_mbd;
    MODE_INFO *const mic = xd->mode_info_context;
    const int mis = xd->mode_info_stride;

    int cost = 0;
    int thismvcost = 0;

    /* We have to be careful retrieving previously-encoded motion vectors.
       Ones from this macroblock have to be pulled from the BLOCKD array
       as they have not yet made it to the bmi array in our MB_MODE_INFO. */

    int i = 0;

    do
    {
        BLOCKD *const d = xd->block + i;
        const int row = i >> 2,  col = i & 3;

        B_PREDICTION_MODE m;

        if (labelings[i] != which_label)
            continue;

        if (col  &&  labelings[i] == labelings[i-1])
            m = LEFT4X4;
        else if (row  &&  labelings[i] == labelings[i-4])
            m = ABOVE4X4;
        else
        {
            // the only time we should do costing for new motion vector or mode
            // is when we are on a new label  (jbb May 08, 2007)
            switch (m = this_mode)
            {
            case NEW4X4 :
                thismvcost  = vp8_mv_bit_cost(this_mv, best_ref_mv, mvcost, 102);
                break;
            case LEFT4X4:
                *this_mv = col ? d[-1].bmi.mv.as_mv : vp8_left_bmi(mic, i)->mv.as_mv;
                break;
            case ABOVE4X4:
                *this_mv = row ? d[-4].bmi.mv.as_mv : vp8_above_bmi(mic, i, mis)->mv.as_mv;
                break;
            case ZERO4X4:
                this_mv->row = this_mv->col = 0;
                break;
            default:
                break;
            }

            if (m == ABOVE4X4)  // replace above with left if same
            {
                const MV mv = col ? d[-1].bmi.mv.as_mv : vp8_left_bmi(mic, i)->mv.as_mv;

                if (mv.row == this_mv->row  &&  mv.col == this_mv->col)
                    m = LEFT4X4;
            }

            cost = x->inter_bmode_costs[ m];
        }

        d->bmi.mode = m;
        d->bmi.mv.as_mv = *this_mv;

    }
    while (++i < 16);

    cost += thismvcost ;
    return cost;
}

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static int rdcost_mbsegment_y(MACROBLOCK *mb, const int *labels,
                              int which_label, ENTROPY_CONTEXT *ta,
                              ENTROPY_CONTEXT *tl)
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{
    int cost = 0;
    int b;
    MACROBLOCKD *x = &mb->e_mbd;

    for (b = 0; b < 16; b++)
        if (labels[ b] == which_label)
            cost += cost_coeffs(mb, x->block + b, 3,
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                                ta + vp8_block2above[b],
                                tl + vp8_block2left[b]);
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    return cost;

}
static unsigned int vp8_encode_inter_mb_segment(MACROBLOCK *x, int const *labels, int which_label, const vp8_encodemb_rtcd_vtable_t *rtcd)
{
    int i;
    unsigned int distortion = 0;

    for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
    {
        if (labels[i] == which_label)
        {
            BLOCKD *bd = &x->e_mbd.block[i];
            BLOCK *be = &x->block[i];


            vp8_build_inter_predictors_b(bd, 16, x->e_mbd.subpixel_predict);
            ENCODEMB_INVOKE(rtcd, subb)(be, bd, 16);
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            x->vp8_short_fdct4x4(be->src_diff, be->coeff, 32);
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            // set to 0 no way to account for 2nd order DC so discount
            //be->coeff[0] = 0;
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            x->quantize_b(be, bd);
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            distortion += ENCODEMB_INVOKE(rtcd, berr)(be->coeff, bd->dqcoeff);
        }
    }

    return distortion;
}

static void macro_block_yrd(MACROBLOCK *mb, int *Rate, int *Distortion, const vp8_encodemb_rtcd_vtable_t *rtcd)
{
    int b;
    MACROBLOCKD *const x = &mb->e_mbd;
    BLOCK   *const mb_y2 = mb->block + 24;
    BLOCKD *const x_y2  = x->block + 24;
    short *Y2DCPtr = mb_y2->src_diff;
    BLOCK *beptr;
    int d;

    ENCODEMB_INVOKE(rtcd, submby)(mb->src_diff, mb->src.y_buffer, mb->e_mbd.predictor, mb->src.y_stride);

    // Fdct and building the 2nd order block
    for (beptr = mb->block; beptr < mb->block + 16; beptr += 2)
    {
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        mb->vp8_short_fdct8x4(beptr->src_diff, beptr->coeff, 32);
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        *Y2DCPtr++ = beptr->coeff[0];
        *Y2DCPtr++ = beptr->coeff[16];
    }

    // 2nd order fdct
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    mb->short_walsh4x4(mb_y2->src_diff, mb_y2->coeff, 8);
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    // Quantization
    for (b = 0; b < 16; b++)
    {
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        mb->quantize_b(&mb->block[b], &mb->e_mbd.block[b]);
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    }

    // DC predication and Quantization of 2nd Order block
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    mb->quantize_b(mb_y2, x_y2);
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    // Distortion
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    d = ENCODEMB_INVOKE(rtcd, mberr)(mb, 1) << 2;
    d += ENCODEMB_INVOKE(rtcd, berr)(mb_y2->coeff, x_y2->dqcoeff);
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    *Distortion = (d >> 4);

    // rate
    *Rate = vp8_rdcost_mby(mb);
}

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unsigned char vp8_mbsplit_offset2[4][16] = {
    { 0,  8,  0,  0,  0,  0,  0,  0,  0,  0,   0,  0,  0,  0,  0,  0},
    { 0,  2,  0,  0,  0,  0,  0,  0,  0,  0,   0,  0,  0,  0,  0,  0},
    { 0,  2,  8, 10,  0,  0,  0,  0,  0,  0,   0,  0,  0,  0,  0,  0},
    { 0,  1,  2,  3,  4,  5,  6,  7,  8,  9,  10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15}
};
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static const unsigned int segmentation_to_sseshift[4] = {3, 3, 2, 0};


typedef struct
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{
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  MV *ref_mv;
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  MV *mvp;
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  int segment_rd;
  int segment_num;
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