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/* Icecast
 *
 * This program is distributed under the GNU General Public License, version 2.
 * A copy of this license is included with this source.
 *
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 * Copyright 2000-2004, Jack Moffitt <jack@xiph.org,
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 *                      Michael Smith <msmith@xiph.org>,
 *                      oddsock <oddsock@xiph.org>,
 *                      Karl Heyes <karl@xiph.org>
 *                      and others (see AUTHORS for details).
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 * Copyright 2012-2014, Philipp "ph3-der-loewe" Schafft <lion@lion.leolix.org>,
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 */

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/* -*- c-basic-offset: 4; indent-tabs-mode: nil; -*- */
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#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include <config.h>
#endif

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#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
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#include <ogg/ogg.h>
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#include <errno.h>
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/* REVIEW: Are all those includes needed? */
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#ifndef _WIN32
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#include <unistd.h>
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#include <sys/time.h>
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#include <sys/socket.h>
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#include <sys/wait.h>
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#include <limits.h>
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#ifndef PATH_MAX
#define PATH_MAX 4096
#endif
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#else
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#include <winsock2.h>
#include <windows.h>
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#define snprintf _snprintf
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#endif
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#include "common/thread/thread.h"
#include "common/avl/avl.h"
#include "common/httpp/httpp.h"
#include "common/net/sock.h"
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#include "connection.h"
#include "global.h"
#include "refbuf.h"
#include "client.h"
#include "stats.h"
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#include "logging.h"
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#include "cfgfile.h"
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#include "util.h"
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#include "source.h"
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#include "format.h"
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#include "fserve.h"
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#include "auth.h"
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#include "event.h"
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#include "compat.h"
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#undef CATMODULE
#define CATMODULE "source"

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#define MAX_FALLBACK_DEPTH 10

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mutex_t move_clients_mutex;

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/* avl tree helper */
static int _compare_clients(void *compare_arg, void *a, void *b);
static int _free_client(void *key);
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static void _parse_audio_info (source_t *source, const char *s);
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static void source_shutdown (source_t *source);
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/* Allocate a new source with the stated mountpoint, if one already
 * exists with that mountpoint in the global source tree then return
 * NULL.
 */
source_t *source_reserve (const char *mount)
{
    source_t *src = NULL;

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    if(mount[0] != '/')
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        ICECAST_LOG_WARN("Source at \"%s\" does not start with '/', clients will be "
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                "unable to connect", mount);

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    do
    {
        avl_tree_wlock (global.source_tree);
        src = source_find_mount_raw (mount);
        if (src)
        {
            src = NULL;
            break;
        }

        src = calloc (1, sizeof(source_t));
        if (src == NULL)
            break;

        src->client_tree = avl_tree_new(_compare_clients, NULL);
        src->pending_tree = avl_tree_new(_compare_clients, NULL);

        /* make duplicates for strings or similar */
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        src->mount = strdup(mount);
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        src->max_listeners = -1;
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        thread_mutex_create(&src->lock);
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        avl_insert(global.source_tree, src);
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    } while (0);

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    avl_tree_unlock(global.source_tree);
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    return src;
}


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/* Find a mount with this raw name - ignoring fallbacks. You should have the
 * global source tree locked to call this.
 */
source_t *source_find_mount_raw(const char *mount)
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{
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    source_t *source;
    avl_node *node;
    int cmp;

    if (!mount) {
        return NULL;
    }
    /* get the root node */
    node = global.source_tree->root->right;
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    while (node) {
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        source = (source_t *) node->key;
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        cmp = strcmp(mount, source->mount);
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        if (cmp < 0)
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            node = node->left;
        else if (cmp > 0)
            node = node->right;
        else
            return source;
    }
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    /* didn't find it */
    return NULL;
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}

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/* Search for mount, if the mount is there but not currently running then
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 * check the fallback, and so on.  Must have a global source lock to call
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 * this function.
 */
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source_t *source_find_mount(const char *mount)
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{
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    source_t *source = NULL;
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    ice_config_t *config;
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    mount_proxy *mountinfo;
    int depth = 0;

    config = config_get_config();
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    while (mount && depth < MAX_FALLBACK_DEPTH)
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    {
        source = source_find_mount_raw(mount);
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        if (source)
        {
            if (source->running || source->on_demand)
                break;
        }
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        /* we either have a source which is not active (relay) or no source
         * at all. Check the mounts list for fallback settings
         */
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        mountinfo = config_find_mount(config, mount, MOUNT_TYPE_NORMAL);
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        source = NULL;
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        if (mountinfo == NULL)
            break;
        mount = mountinfo->fallback_mount;
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        depth++;
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    }

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    config_release_config();
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    return source;
}


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int source_compare_sources(void *arg, void *a, void *b)
{
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    source_t *srca = (source_t *)a;
    source_t *srcb = (source_t *)b;
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    return strcmp(srca->mount, srcb->mount);
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}

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void source_clear_source (source_t *source)
{
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    int c;

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    ICECAST_LOG_DEBUG("clearing source \"%s\"", source->mount);
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    avl_tree_wlock (source->pending_tree);
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    client_destroy(source->client);
    source->client = NULL;
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    source->parser = NULL;
    source->con = NULL;
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    /* log bytes read in access log */
    if (source->client && source->format)
        source->client->con->sent_bytes = source->format->read_bytes;

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    if (source->dumpfile)
    {
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        ICECAST_LOG_INFO("Closing dumpfile for %s", source->mount);
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        fclose (source->dumpfile);
        source->dumpfile = NULL;
    }

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    /* lets kick off any clients that are left on here */
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    avl_tree_wlock (source->client_tree);
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    c=0;
    while (1)
    {
        avl_node *node = avl_get_first (source->client_tree);
        if (node)
        {
            client_t *client = node->key;
            if (client->respcode == 200)
                c++; /* only count clients that have had some processing */
            avl_delete (source->client_tree, client, _free_client);
            continue;
        }
        break;
    }
    if (c)
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    {
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        stats_event_sub (NULL, "listeners", source->listeners);
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        ICECAST_LOG_INFO("%d active listeners on %s released", c, source->mount);
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    }
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    avl_tree_unlock (source->client_tree);
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    while (avl_get_first (source->pending_tree))
    {
        avl_delete (source->pending_tree,
                avl_get_first(source->pending_tree)->key, _free_client);
    }

    if (source->format && source->format->free_plugin)
        source->format->free_plugin (source->format);
    source->format = NULL;
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    /* Lets clear out the source queue too */
    while (source->stream_data)
    {
        refbuf_t *p = source->stream_data;
        source->stream_data = p->next;
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        p->next = NULL;
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        /* can be referenced by burst handler as well */
        while (p->_count > 1)
            refbuf_release (p);
        refbuf_release (p);
    }
    source->stream_data_tail = NULL;

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    source->burst_point = NULL;
    source->burst_size = 0;
    source->burst_offset = 0;
    source->queue_size = 0;
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    source->queue_size_limit = 0;
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    source->listeners = 0;
    source->max_listeners = -1;
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    source->prev_listeners = 0;
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    source->hidden = 0;
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    source->shoutcast_compat = 0;
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    source->client_stats_update = 0;
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    util_dict_free(source->audio_info);
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    source->audio_info = NULL;
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    free(source->fallback_mount);
    source->fallback_mount = NULL;

    free(source->dumpfilename);
    source->dumpfilename = NULL;
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    if (source->intro_file)
    {
        fclose (source->intro_file);
        source->intro_file = NULL;
    }
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    source->on_demand_req = 0;
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    avl_tree_unlock (source->pending_tree);
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}


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/* Remove the provided source from the global tree and free it */
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void source_free_source (source_t *source)
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{
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    ICECAST_LOG_DEBUG("freeing source \"%s\"", source->mount);
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    avl_tree_wlock (global.source_tree);
    avl_delete (global.source_tree, source, NULL);
    avl_tree_unlock (global.source_tree);

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    avl_tree_free(source->pending_tree, _free_client);
    avl_tree_free(source->client_tree, _free_client);
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    /* make sure all YP entries have gone */
    yp_remove (source->mount);

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    free (source->mount);
    free (source);
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    return;
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}
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client_t *source_find_client(source_t *source, int id)
{
    client_t fakeclient;
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    void *result;
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    connection_t fakecon;

    fakeclient.con = &fakecon;
    fakeclient.con->id = id;

    avl_tree_rlock(source->client_tree);
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    if(avl_get_by_key(source->client_tree, &fakeclient, &result) == 0)
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    {
        avl_tree_unlock(source->client_tree);
        return result;
    }

    avl_tree_unlock(source->client_tree);
    return NULL;
}
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/* Move clients from source to dest provided dest is running
 * and that the stream format is the same.
 * The only lock that should be held when this is called is the
 * source tree lock
 */
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void source_move_clients(source_t *source, source_t *dest)
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{
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    unsigned long count = 0;
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    if (strcmp (source->mount, dest->mount) == 0)
    {
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        ICECAST_LOG_WARN("src and dst are the same \"%s\", skipping", source->mount);
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        return;
    }
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    /* we don't want the two write locks to deadlock in here */
    thread_mutex_lock (&move_clients_mutex);

    /* if the destination is not running then we can't move clients */
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    avl_tree_wlock (dest->pending_tree);
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    if (dest->running == 0 && dest->on_demand == 0)
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    {
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        ICECAST_LOG_WARN("destination mount %s not running, unable to move clients ", dest->mount);
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        avl_tree_unlock (dest->pending_tree);
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        thread_mutex_unlock (&move_clients_mutex);
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        return;
    }

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    do
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    {
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        client_t *client;
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        /* we need to move the client and pending trees - we must take the
         * locks in this order to avoid deadlocks */
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        avl_tree_wlock(source->pending_tree);
        avl_tree_wlock(source->client_tree);
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        if (source->on_demand == 0 && source->format == NULL)
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        {
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            ICECAST_LOG_INFO("source mount %s is not available", source->mount);
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            break;
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        }
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        if (source->format && dest->format)
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        {
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            if (source->format->type != dest->format->type)
            {
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                ICECAST_LOG_WARN("stream %s and %s are of different types, ignored", source->mount, dest->mount);
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                break;
            }
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        }
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        while (1)
        {
            avl_node *node = avl_get_first (source->pending_tree);
            if (node == NULL)
                break;
            client = (client_t *)(node->key);
            avl_delete (source->pending_tree, client, NULL);
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            /* when switching a client to a different queue, be wary of the
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             * refbuf it's referring to, if it's http headers then we need
             * to write them so don't release it.
             */
            if (client->check_buffer != format_check_http_buffer)
            {
                client_set_queue (client, NULL);
                client->check_buffer = format_check_file_buffer;
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                if (source->con == NULL)
                    client->intro_offset = -1;
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            }

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            avl_insert (dest->pending_tree, (void *)client);
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            count++;
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        }

        while (1)
        {
            avl_node *node = avl_get_first (source->client_tree);
            if (node == NULL)
                break;

            client = (client_t *)(node->key);
            avl_delete (source->client_tree, client, NULL);

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            /* when switching a client to a different queue, be wary of the
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             * refbuf it's referring to, if it's http headers then we need
             * to write them so don't release it.
             */
            if (client->check_buffer != format_check_http_buffer)
            {
                client_set_queue (client, NULL);
                client->check_buffer = format_check_file_buffer;
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                if (source->con == NULL)
                    client->intro_offset = -1;
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            }
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            avl_insert (dest->pending_tree, (void *)client);
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            count++;
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        }
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        ICECAST_LOG_INFO("passing %lu listeners to \"%s\"", count, dest->mount);
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        source->listeners = 0;
        stats_event (source->mount, "listeners", "0");

    } while (0);

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    avl_tree_unlock (source->pending_tree);
    avl_tree_unlock (source->client_tree);

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    /* see if we need to wake up an on-demand relay */
    if (dest->running == 0 && dest->on_demand && count)
        dest->on_demand_req = 1;

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    avl_tree_unlock (dest->pending_tree);
    thread_mutex_unlock (&move_clients_mutex);
}

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/* get some data from the source. The stream data is placed in a refbuf
 * and sent back, however NULL is also valid as in the case of a short
 * timeout and there's no data pending.
 */
static refbuf_t *get_next_buffer (source_t *source)
{
    refbuf_t *refbuf = NULL;
    int delay = 250;

    if (source->short_delay)
        delay = 0;
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    while (global.running == ICECAST_RUNNING && source->running)
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    {
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        int fds = 0;
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        time_t current = time (NULL);

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        if (source->client)
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            fds = util_timed_wait_for_fd (source->con->sock, delay);
        else
        {
            thread_sleep (delay*1000);
            source->last_read = current;
        }
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        if (current >= source->client_stats_update)
        {
            stats_event_args (source->mount, "total_bytes_read",
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                    "%"PRIu64, source->format->read_bytes);
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            stats_event_args (source->mount, "total_bytes_sent",
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                    "%"PRIu64, source->format->sent_bytes);
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            source->client_stats_update = current + 5;
        }
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        if (fds < 0)
        {
            if (! sock_recoverable (sock_error()))
            {
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                ICECAST_LOG_WARN("Error while waiting on socket, Disconnecting source");
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                source->running = 0;
            }
            break;
        }
        if (fds == 0)
        {
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            thread_mutex_lock(&source->lock);
            if ((source->last_read + (time_t)source->timeout) < current)
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            {
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                ICECAST_LOG_DEBUG("last %ld, timeout %d, now %ld", (long)source->last_read,
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                        source->timeout, (long)current);
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                ICECAST_LOG_WARN("Disconnecting source due to socket timeout");
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                source->running = 0;
            }
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            thread_mutex_unlock(&source->lock);
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            break;
        }
        source->last_read = current;
        refbuf = source->format->get_buffer (source);
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#ifdef HAVE_OPENSSL
       if (source->client->con->ssl && (SSL_get_shutdown(source->client->con->ssl) & SSL_RECEIVED_SHUTDOWN))
            source->client->con->error = 1;
#endif
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        if (source->client->con && source->client->con->error)
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        {
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            ICECAST_LOG_INFO("End of Stream %s", source->mount);
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            source->running = 0;
            continue;
        }
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        if (refbuf)
            break;
    }

    return refbuf;
}


/* general send routine per listener.  The deletion_expected tells us whether
 * the last in the queue is about to disappear, so if this client is still
 * referring to it after writing then drop the client as it's fallen too far
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 * behind
 */
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static void send_to_listener (source_t *source, client_t *client, int deletion_expected)
{
    int bytes;
    int loop = 10;   /* max number of iterations in one go */
    int total_written = 0;

    while (1)
    {
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        /* check for limited listener time */
        if (client->con->discon_time)
            if (time(NULL) >= client->con->discon_time)
            {
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                ICECAST_LOG_INFO("time limit reached for client #%lu", client->con->id);
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                client->con->error = 1;
            }

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        /* jump out if client connection has died */
        if (client->con->error)
            break;

        /* lets not send too much to one client in one go, but don't
           sleep for too long if more data can be sent */
        if (total_written > 20000 || loop == 0)
        {
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            if (client->check_buffer != format_check_file_buffer)
                source->short_delay = 1;
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            break;
        }

        loop--;

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        if (client->check_buffer(source, client) < 0)
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            break;

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        bytes = client->write_to_client(client);
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        if (bytes <= 0)
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            break; /* can't write any more */
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        total_written += bytes;
    }
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    source->format->sent_bytes += total_written;
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    /* the refbuf referenced at head (last in queue) may be marked for deletion
     * if so, check to see if this client is still referring to it */
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    if (deletion_expected && client->refbuf && client->refbuf == source->stream_data)
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    {
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        ICECAST_LOG_INFO("Client %lu (%s) has fallen too far behind, removing",
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                client->con->id, client->con->ip);
        stats_event_inc (source->mount, "slow_listeners");
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        client->con->error = 1;
    }
}

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/* Open the file for stream dumping.
 * This function should do all processing of the filename.
 */
static FILE * source_open_dumpfile(const char * filename) {
#ifndef _WIN32
    /* some of the below functions seems not to be standard winapi functions */
    char buffer[PATH_MAX];
    time_t curtime;
    struct tm *loctime;

    /* Get the current time. */
    curtime = time (NULL);

    /* Convert it to local time representation. */
    loctime = localtime (&curtime);

    strftime (buffer, sizeof(buffer), filename, loctime);
    filename = buffer;
#endif

    return fopen (filename, "ab");
}

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/* Perform any initialisation just before the stream data is processed, the header
 * info is processed by now and the format details are setup
 */
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static void source_init (source_t *source)
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{
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    ice_config_t *config = config_get_config();
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    char *listenurl;
    const char *str;
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    int listen_url_size;

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    /* 6 for max size of port */
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    listen_url_size = strlen("http://") + strlen(config->hostname) +
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        strlen(":") + 6 + strlen(source->mount) + 1;
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    listenurl = malloc (listen_url_size);
    memset (listenurl, '\000', listen_url_size);
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    snprintf (listenurl, listen_url_size, "http://%s:%d%s",
            config->hostname, config->port, source->mount);
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    config_release_config();

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    str = httpp_getvar(source->parser, "ice-audio-info");
    source->audio_info = util_dict_new();
    if (str)
    {
        _parse_audio_info (source, str);
        stats_event (source->mount, "audio_info", str);
    }

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    stats_event (source->mount, "listenurl", listenurl);

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    free(listenurl);
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    if (source->dumpfilename != NULL)
    {
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        source->dumpfile = source_open_dumpfile (source->dumpfilename);
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        if (source->dumpfile == NULL)
        {
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            ICECAST_LOG_WARN("Cannot open dump file \"%s\" for appending: %s, disabling.",
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                    source->dumpfilename, strerror(errno));
        }
    }

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    /* grab a read lock, to make sure we get a chance to cleanup */
    thread_rwlock_rlock (source->shutdown_rwlock);

    /* start off the statistics */
    source->listeners = 0;
    stats_event_inc (NULL, "source_total_connections");
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    stats_event (source->mount, "slow_listeners", "0");
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    stats_event_args (source->mount, "listeners", "%lu", source->listeners);
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    stats_event_args (source->mount, "listener_peak", "%lu", source->peak_listeners);
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    stats_event_time (source->mount, "stream_start");
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    stats_event_time_iso8601 (source->mount, "stream_start_iso8601");
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    ICECAST_LOG_DEBUG("Source creation complete");
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    source->last_read = time (NULL);
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    source->prev_listeners = -1;
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    source->running = 1;
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    event_emit_clientevent("source-connect", source->client, source->mount);
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    /*
    ** Now, if we have a fallback source and override is on, we want
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    ** to steal its clients, because it means we've come back online
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    ** after a failure and they should be gotten back from the waiting
    ** loop or jingle track or whatever the fallback is used for
    */

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    if (source->fallback_override && source->fallback_mount)
    {
        source_t *fallback_source;

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        avl_tree_rlock(global.source_tree);
        fallback_source = source_find_mount(source->fallback_mount);

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        if (fallback_source)
            source_move_clients (fallback_source, source);
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        avl_tree_unlock(global.source_tree);
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    }
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}


void source_main (source_t *source)
{
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    refbuf_t *refbuf;
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    client_t *client;
    avl_node *client_node;

    source_init (source);
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    while (global.running == ICECAST_RUNNING && source->running) {
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        int remove_from_q;
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        refbuf = get_next_buffer (source);
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        remove_from_q = 0;
        source->short_delay = 0;
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        if (refbuf)
        {
            /* append buffer to the in-flight data queue,  */
            if (source->stream_data == NULL)
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            {
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                source->stream_data = refbuf;
                source->burst_point = refbuf;
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            }
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            if (source->stream_data_tail)
                source->stream_data_tail->next = refbuf;
            source->stream_data_tail = refbuf;
            source->queue_size += refbuf->len;
            /* new buffer is referenced for burst */
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            refbuf_addref(refbuf);
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            /* new data on queue, so check the burst point */
            source->burst_offset += refbuf->len;
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            while (source->burst_offset > source->burst_size)
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            {
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                refbuf_t *to_release = source->burst_point;

                if (to_release->next)
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                {
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                    source->burst_point = to_release->next;
                    source->burst_offset -= to_release->len;
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                    refbuf_release(to_release);
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                    continue;
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                }
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                break;
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            }

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            /* save stream to file */
            if (source->dumpfile && source->format->write_buf_to_file)
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                source->format->write_buf_to_file(source, refbuf);
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        }
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        /* lets see if we have too much data in the queue, but don't remove it until later */
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        thread_mutex_lock(&source->lock);
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        if (source->queue_size > source->queue_size_limit)
            remove_from_q = 1;
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        thread_mutex_unlock(&source->lock);
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        /* acquire write lock on pending_tree */
        avl_tree_wlock(source->pending_tree);

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        /* acquire write lock on client_tree */
        avl_tree_wlock(source->client_tree);

        client_node = avl_get_first(source->client_tree);
        while (client_node) {
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            client = (client_t *) client_node->key;
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            send_to_listener(source, client, remove_from_q);
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            if (client->con->error) {
                client_node = avl_get_next(client_node);
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                if (client->respcode == 200)
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                    stats_event_dec(NULL, "listeners");
                avl_delete(source->client_tree, (void *) client, _free_client);
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                source->listeners--;
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                ICECAST_LOG_DEBUG("Client removed");
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                continue;
            }
            client_node = avl_get_next(client_node);
        }

        /** add pending clients **/
        client_node = avl_get_first(source->pending_tree);
        while (client_node) {
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            if(source->max_listeners != -1 &&
                    source->listeners >= (unsigned long)source->max_listeners)
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            {
                /* The common case is caught in the main connection handler,
                 * this deals with rarer cases (mostly concerning fallbacks)
                 * and doesn't give the listening client any information about
                 * why they were disconnected
                 */
                client = (client_t *)client_node->key;
                client_node = avl_get_next(client_node);
                avl_delete(source->pending_tree, (void *)client, _free_client);

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                ICECAST_LOG_INFO("Client deleted, exceeding maximum listeners for this "
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                        "mountpoint (%s).", source->mount);
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                continue;
            }
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            /* Otherwise, the client is accepted, add it */
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            avl_insert(source->client_tree, client_node->key);
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            source->listeners++;
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            ICECAST_LOG_DEBUG("Client added for mountpoint (%s)", source->mount);
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            stats_event_inc(source->mount, "connections");

            client_node = avl_get_next(client_node);
        }

        /** clear pending tree **/
        while (avl_get_first(source->pending_tree)) {
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            avl_delete(source->pending_tree,
                    avl_get_first(source->pending_tree)->key,
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                    source_remove_client);
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        }

        /* release write lock on pending_tree */
        avl_tree_unlock(source->pending_tree);

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        /* update the stats if need be */
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        if (source->listeners != source->prev_listeners)
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        {
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            source->prev_listeners = source->listeners;
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            ICECAST_LOG_INFO("listener count on %s now %lu", source->mount, source->listeners);
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            if (source->listeners > source->peak_listeners)
            {
                source->peak_listeners = source->listeners;
                stats_event_args (source->mount, "listener_peak", "%lu", source->peak_listeners);
            }
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            stats_event_args (source->mount, "listeners", "%lu", source->listeners);
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            if (source->listeners == 0 && source->on_demand)
                source->running = 0;
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        }

        /* lets reduce the queue, any lagging clients should of been
         * terminated by now
         */
        if (source->stream_data)
        {
            /* normal unreferenced queue data will have a refcount 1, but
             * burst queue data will be at least 2, active clients will also
             * increase refcount */
            while (source->stream_data->_count == 1)
            {
                refbuf_t *to_go = source->stream_data;

                if (to_go->next == NULL || source->burst_point == to_go)
                {
                    /* this should not happen */
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                    ICECAST_LOG_ERROR("queue state is unexpected");
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                    source->running = 0;
                    break;
                }
                source->stream_data = to_go->next;
                source->queue_size -= to_go->len;
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                to_go->next = NULL;
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                refbuf_release (to_go);
            }
        }

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        /* release write lock on client_tree */
        avl_tree_unlock(source->client_tree);
    }
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    source_shutdown (source);
}
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static void source_shutdown (source_t *source)
{
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    source->running = 0;
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    ICECAST_LOG_INFO("Source from %s at \"%s\" exiting", source->con->ip, source->mount);
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    event_emit_clientevent("source-disconnect", source->client, source->mount);
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    /* we have de-activated the source now, so no more clients will be
     * added, now move the listeners we have to the fallback (if any)
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     */
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    if (source->fallback_mount)
    {
        source_t *fallback_source;
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        avl_tree_rlock(global.source_tree);
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        fallback_source = source_find_mount(source->fallback_mount);
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        if (fallback_source != NULL)
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            source_move_clients(source, fallback_source);
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        avl_tree_unlock(global.source_tree);
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    }
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    /* delete this sources stats */
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    stats_event(source->mount, NULL, NULL);
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    /* we don't remove the source from the tree here, it may be a relay and
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     therefore reserved */
    source_clear_source(source);
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    global_lock();
    global.sources--;
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    stats_event_args(NULL, "sources", "%d", global.sources);
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    global_unlock();
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    /* release our hold on the lock so the main thread can continue cleaning up */
    thread_rwlock_unlock(source->shutdown_rwlock);
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}

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static int _compare_clients(void *compare_arg, void *a, void *b)
{
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    client_t *clienta = (client_t *) a;
    client_t *clientb = (client_t *) b;
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    connection_t *cona = clienta->con;
    connection_t *conb = clientb->con;
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    if (cona->id < conb->id) return -1;
    if (cona->id > conb->id) return 1;
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    return 0;
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}

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int source_remove_client(void *key)
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{
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    return 1;
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}

static int _free_client(void *key)
{
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    client_t *client = (client_t *)key;

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