stats.c 31.9 KB
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/* Icecast
 *
 * This program is distributed under the GNU General Public License, version 2.
 * A copy of this license is included with this source.
 *
 * Copyright 2000-2004, Jack Moffitt <jack@xiph.org, 
 *                      Michael Smith <msmith@xiph.org>,
 *                      oddsock <oddsock@xiph.org>,
 *                      Karl Heyes <karl@xiph.org>
 *                      and others (see AUTHORS for details).
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 * Copyright 2012-2014, Philipp "ph3-der-loewe" Schafft <lion@lion.leolix.org>,
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 */

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#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include <config.h>
#endif

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#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
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#include <ctype.h>
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#include <libxml/xmlmemory.h>
#include <libxml/parser.h>
#include <libxml/tree.h>
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#include "common/thread/thread.h"
#include "common/avl/avl.h"
#include "common/httpp/httpp.h"
#include "common/net/sock.h"
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#include "connection.h"

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#include "source.h"
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#include "global.h"
#include "refbuf.h"
#include "client.h"
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#include "admin.h"
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#include "stats.h"
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#include "xslt.h"
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#include "util.h"
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#include "auth.h"
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#define CATMODULE "stats"
#include "logging.h"
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#ifdef _WIN32
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#define atoll _atoi64
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#define vsnprintf _vsnprintf
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#define snprintf _snprintf
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#endif
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#define STATS_EVENT_SET     0
#define STATS_EVENT_INC     1
#define STATS_EVENT_DEC     2
#define STATS_EVENT_ADD     3
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#define STATS_EVENT_SUB     4
#define STATS_EVENT_REMOVE  5
#define STATS_EVENT_HIDDEN  6
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typedef struct _event_queue_tag
{
    volatile stats_event_t *head;
    volatile stats_event_t **tail;
} event_queue_t;

#define event_queue_init(qp)    { (qp)->head = NULL; (qp)->tail = &(qp)->head; }

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typedef struct _event_listener_tag
{
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    event_queue_t queue;
    mutex_t mutex;
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    struct _event_listener_tag *next;
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} event_listener_t;

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static volatile int _stats_running = 0;
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static thread_type *_stats_thread_id;
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static volatile int _stats_threads = 0;
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static stats_t _stats;
static mutex_t _stats_mutex;
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static event_queue_t _global_event_queue;
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mutex_t _global_event_mutex;

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static volatile event_listener_t *_event_listeners;
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static void *_stats_thread(void *arg);
static int _compare_stats(void *a, void *b, void *arg);
static int _compare_source_stats(void *a, void *b, void *arg);
static int _free_stats(void *key);
static int _free_source_stats(void *key);
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static void _add_event_to_queue(stats_event_t *event, event_queue_t *queue);
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static stats_node_t *_find_node(avl_tree *tree, const char *name);
static stats_source_t *_find_source(avl_tree *tree, const char *source);
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static void _free_event(stats_event_t *event);
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static stats_event_t *_get_event_from_queue(event_queue_t *queue);
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static void __add_metadata(xmlNodePtr node, const char *tag);
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/* simple helper function for creating an event */
static stats_event_t *build_event (const char *source, const char *name, const char *value)
{
    stats_event_t *event;

    event = (stats_event_t *)calloc(1, sizeof(stats_event_t));
    if (event)
    {
        if (source)
            event->source = (char *)strdup(source);
        if (name)
            event->name = (char *)strdup(name);
        if (value)
            event->value = (char *)strdup(value);
        else
            event->action = STATS_EVENT_REMOVE;
    }
    return event;
}

static void queue_global_event (stats_event_t *event)
{
    thread_mutex_lock(&_global_event_mutex);
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    _add_event_to_queue (event, &_global_event_queue);
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    thread_mutex_unlock(&_global_event_mutex);
}

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void stats_initialize(void)
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{
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    _event_listeners = NULL;
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    /* set up global struct */
    _stats.global_tree = avl_tree_new(_compare_stats, NULL);
    _stats.source_tree = avl_tree_new(_compare_source_stats, NULL);
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    /* set up global mutex */
    thread_mutex_create(&_stats_mutex);
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    /* set up stats queues */
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    event_queue_init(&_global_event_queue);
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    thread_mutex_create(&_global_event_mutex);
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    /* fire off the stats thread */
    _stats_running = 1;
    _stats_thread_id = thread_create("Stats Thread", _stats_thread, NULL, THREAD_ATTACHED);
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}

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void stats_shutdown(void)
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{
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    int n;
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    if (!_stats_running) /* We can't shutdown if we're not running. */
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        return;

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    /* wait for thread to exit */
    _stats_running = 0;
    thread_join(_stats_thread_id);
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    /* wait for other threads to shut down */
    do {
        thread_sleep(300000);
        thread_mutex_lock(&_stats_mutex);
        n = _stats_threads;
        thread_mutex_unlock(&_stats_mutex);
    } while (n > 0);
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    ICECAST_LOG_INFO("stats thread finished");
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    /* free the queues */
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    /* destroy the queue mutexes */
    thread_mutex_destroy(&_global_event_mutex);
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    thread_mutex_destroy(&_stats_mutex);
    avl_tree_free(_stats.source_tree, _free_source_stats);
    avl_tree_free(_stats.global_tree, _free_stats);
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    while (1)
    {
        stats_event_t *event = _get_event_from_queue (&_global_event_queue);
        if (event == NULL) break;
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        if(event->source)
            free(event->source);
        if(event->value)
            free(event->value);
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        if(event->name)
            free(event->name);
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        free(event);
    }
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}

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stats_t *stats_get_stats(void)
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{
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    /* lock global stats
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     copy stats
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     unlock global stats
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     return copied stats */
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    return NULL;
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}

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/* simple name=tag stat create/update */
void stats_event(const char *source, const char *name, const char *value)
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{
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    stats_event_t *event;

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    if (value && xmlCheckUTF8 ((unsigned char *)value) == 0)
    {
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        ICECAST_LOG_WARN("seen non-UTF8 data, probably incorrect metadata (%s, %s)", name, value);
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        return;
    }
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    event = build_event(source, name, value);
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    if (event)
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        queue_global_event(event);
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}

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/* wrapper for stats_event, this takes a charset to convert from */
void stats_event_conv(const char *mount, const char *name, const char *value, const char *charset)
{
    const char *metadata = value;
    xmlBufferPtr conv = xmlBufferCreate ();

    if (charset)
    {
        xmlCharEncodingHandlerPtr handle = xmlFindCharEncodingHandler (charset);

        if (handle)
        {
            xmlBufferPtr raw = xmlBufferCreate ();
            xmlBufferAdd (raw, (const xmlChar *)value, strlen (value));
            if (xmlCharEncInFunc (handle, conv, raw) > 0)
                metadata = (char *)xmlBufferContent (conv);
            xmlBufferFree (raw);
            xmlCharEncCloseFunc (handle);
        }
        else
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            ICECAST_LOG_WARN("No charset found for \"%s\"", charset);
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    }

    stats_event (mount, name, metadata);
    xmlBufferFree (conv);
}

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/* make stat hidden (non-zero). name can be NULL if it applies to a whole
 * source stats tree. */
void stats_event_hidden (const char *source, const char *name, int hidden)
{
    stats_event_t *event;
    const char *str = NULL;

    if (hidden)
        str = "";
    event = build_event (source, name, str);
    if (event)
    {
        event->action = STATS_EVENT_HIDDEN;
        queue_global_event (event);
    }
}
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/* printf style formatting for stat create/update */
void stats_event_args(const char *source, char *name, char *format, ...)
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{
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    char buf[1024];
    va_list val;
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    int ret;

    if (name == NULL)
        return;
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    va_start(val, format);
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    ret = vsnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), format, val);
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    va_end(val);
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    if (ret < 0 || (unsigned int)ret >= sizeof (buf))
    {
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        ICECAST_LOG_WARN("problem with formatting %s stat %s",
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                source==NULL ? "global" : source, name);
        return;
    }
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    stats_event(source, name, buf);
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}

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static char *_get_stats(const char *source, const char *name)
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{
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    stats_node_t *stats = NULL;
    stats_source_t *src = NULL;
    char *value = NULL;
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    thread_mutex_lock(&_stats_mutex);
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    if (source == NULL) {
        stats = _find_node(_stats.global_tree, name);
    } else {
        src = _find_source(_stats.source_tree, source);
        if (src) {
            stats = _find_node(src->stats_tree, name);
        }
    }
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    if (stats) value = (char *)strdup(stats->value);
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    thread_mutex_unlock(&_stats_mutex);
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    return value;
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}

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char *stats_get_value(const char *source, const char *name)
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{
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    return(_get_stats(source, name));
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}
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/* increase the value in the provided stat by 1 */
void stats_event_inc(const char *source, const char *name)
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{
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    stats_event_t *event = build_event (source, name, NULL);
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    /* ICECAST_LOG_DEBUG("%s on %s", name, source==NULL?"global":source); */
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    if (event)
    {
        event->action = STATS_EVENT_INC;
        queue_global_event (event);
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    }
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}

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void stats_event_add(const char *source, const char *name, unsigned long value)
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{
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    stats_event_t *event = build_event (source, name, NULL);
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    /* ICECAST_LOG_DEBUG("%s on %s", name, source==NULL?"global":source); */
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    if (event)
    {
        event->value = malloc (16);
        snprintf (event->value, 16, "%ld", value);
        event->action = STATS_EVENT_ADD;
        queue_global_event (event);
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    }
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}

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void stats_event_sub(const char *source, const char *name, unsigned long value)
{
    stats_event_t *event = build_event (source, name, NULL);
    if (event)
    {
        event->value = malloc (16);
        snprintf (event->value, 16, "%ld", value);
        event->action = STATS_EVENT_SUB;
        queue_global_event (event);
    }
}

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/* decrease the value in the provided stat by 1 */
void stats_event_dec(const char *source, const char *name)
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{
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    /* ICECAST_LOG_DEBUG("%s on %s", name, source==NULL?"global":source); */
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    stats_event_t *event = build_event (source, name, NULL);
    if (event)
    {
        event->action = STATS_EVENT_DEC;
        queue_global_event (event);
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    }
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}

/* note: you must call this function only when you have exclusive access
** to the avl_tree
*/
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static stats_node_t *_find_node(avl_tree *stats_tree, const char *name)
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{
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    stats_node_t *stats;
    avl_node *node;
    int cmp;

    /* get the root node */
    node = stats_tree->root->right;
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    while (node) {
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        stats = (stats_node_t *) node->key;
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        cmp = strcmp(name, stats->name);
        if (cmp < 0) 
            node = node->left;
        else if (cmp > 0)
            node = node->right;
        else
            return stats;
    }
    
    /* didn't find it */
    return NULL;
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}

/* note: you must call this function only when you have exclusive access
** to the avl_tree
*/
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static stats_source_t *_find_source(avl_tree *source_tree, const char *source)
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{
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    stats_source_t *stats;
    avl_node *node;
    int cmp;

    /* get the root node */
    node = source_tree->root->right;
    while (node) {
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        stats = (stats_source_t *) node->key;
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        cmp = strcmp(source, stats->source);
        if (cmp < 0)
            node = node->left;
        else if (cmp > 0)
            node = node->right;
        else
            return stats;
    }
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    /* didn't find it */
    return NULL;
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}

static stats_event_t *_copy_event(stats_event_t *event)
{
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    stats_event_t *copy = (stats_event_t *)calloc(1, sizeof(stats_event_t));
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    if (event->source) 
        copy->source = (char *)strdup(event->source);
    else
        copy->source = NULL;
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    if (event->name)
        copy->name = (char *)strdup(event->name);
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    if (event->value)
        copy->value = (char *)strdup(event->value);
    else
        copy->value = NULL;
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    copy->hidden = event->hidden;
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    copy->next = NULL;
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    return copy;
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}

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/* helper to apply specialised changes to a stats node */
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static void modify_node_event(stats_node_t *node, stats_event_t *event)
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{
    char *str;

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    if (event->action == STATS_EVENT_HIDDEN)
    {
        if (event->value)
            node->hidden = 1;
        else
            node->hidden = 0;
        return;
    }
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    if (event->action != STATS_EVENT_SET)
    {
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        int64_t value = 0;
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        switch (event->action)
        {
            case STATS_EVENT_INC:
                value = atoi (node->value)+1;
                break;
            case STATS_EVENT_DEC:
                value = atoi (node->value)-1;
                break;
            case STATS_EVENT_ADD:
                value = atoi (node->value)+atoi (event->value);
                break;
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            case STATS_EVENT_SUB:
                value = atoll (node->value) - atoll (event->value);
                break;
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            default:
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                ICECAST_LOG_WARN("unhandled event (%d) for %s", event->action, event->source);
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                break;
        }
        str = malloc (16);
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        snprintf (str, 16, "%" PRId64, value);
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        if (event->value == NULL)
            event->value = strdup (str);
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    }
    else
        str = (char *)strdup (event->value);
    free (node->value);
    node->value = str;
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    if (event->source)
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        ICECAST_LOG_DEBUG("update \"%s\" %s (%s)", event->source, node->name, node->value);
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    else
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        ICECAST_LOG_DEBUG("update global %s (%s)", node->name, node->value);
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}


static void process_global_event (stats_event_t *event)
{
    stats_node_t *node;

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    /* ICECAST_LOG_DEBUG("global event %s %s %d", event->name, event->value, event->action); */
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    if (event->action == STATS_EVENT_REMOVE)
    {
        /* we're deleting */
        node = _find_node(_stats.global_tree, event->name);
        if (node != NULL)
            avl_delete(_stats.global_tree, (void *)node, _free_stats);
        return;
    }
    node = _find_node(_stats.global_tree, event->name);
    if (node)
    {
        modify_node_event (node, event);
    }
    else
    {
        /* add node */
        node = (stats_node_t *)calloc(1, sizeof(stats_node_t));
        node->name = (char *)strdup(event->name);
        node->value = (char *)strdup(event->value);

        avl_insert(_stats.global_tree, (void *)node);
    }
}


static void process_source_event (stats_event_t *event)
{
    stats_source_t *snode = _find_source(_stats.source_tree, event->source);
    if (snode == NULL)
    {
        if (event->action == STATS_EVENT_REMOVE)
            return;
        snode = (stats_source_t *)calloc(1,sizeof(stats_source_t));
        if (snode == NULL)
            return;
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        ICECAST_LOG_DEBUG("new source stat %s", event->source);
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        snode->source = (char *)strdup(event->source);
        snode->stats_tree = avl_tree_new(_compare_stats, NULL);
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        if (event->action == STATS_EVENT_HIDDEN)
            snode->hidden = 1;
        else
            snode->hidden = 0;
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        avl_insert(_stats.source_tree, (void *) snode);
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    }
    if (event->name)
    {
        stats_node_t *node = _find_node(snode->stats_tree, event->name);
        if (node == NULL)
        {
            if (event->action == STATS_EVENT_REMOVE)
                return;
            /* adding node */
            if (event->value)
            {
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                ICECAST_LOG_DEBUG("new node %s (%s)", event->name, event->value);
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                node = (stats_node_t *)calloc(1,sizeof(stats_node_t));
                node->name = (char *)strdup(event->name);
                node->value = (char *)strdup(event->value);
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                node->hidden = snode->hidden;
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                avl_insert(snode->stats_tree, (void *)node);
            }
            return;
        }
        if (event->action == STATS_EVENT_REMOVE)
        {
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            ICECAST_LOG_DEBUG("delete node %s", event->name);
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            avl_delete(snode->stats_tree, (void *)node, _free_stats);
            return;
        }
        modify_node_event (node, event);
        return;
    }
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    if (event->action == STATS_EVENT_HIDDEN)
    {
        avl_node *node = avl_get_first (snode->stats_tree);

        if (event->value)
            snode->hidden = 1;
        else
            snode->hidden = 0;
        while (node)
        {
            stats_node_t *stats = (stats_node_t*)node->key;
            stats->hidden = snode->hidden;
            node = avl_get_next (node);
        }
        return;
    }
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    if (event->action == STATS_EVENT_REMOVE)
    {
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        ICECAST_LOG_DEBUG("delete source node %s", event->source);
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        avl_delete(_stats.source_tree, (void *)snode, _free_source_stats);
    }
}

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/* NOTE: implicit %z is added to format string. */
static inline void __format_time(char * buffer, size_t len, const char * format) {
    time_t now = time(NULL);
    struct tm local;
    char tzbuffer[32];
    char timebuffer[128];
#ifdef _WIN32
    struct tm *thetime;
    int time_days, time_hours, time_tz;
    int tempnum1, tempnum2;
    char sign;
#endif

    localtime_r (&now, &local);
#ifndef _WIN32
    strftime (tzbuffer, sizeof(tzbuffer), "%z", &local);
#else
    thetime = gmtime (&now);
    time_days = local.tm_yday - thetime->tm_yday;

    if (time_days < -1) {
        tempnum1 = 24;
    } else {
        tempnum1 = 1;
    }

    if (tempnum1 < time_days) {
        tempnum2 = -24;
    } else {
        tempnum2 = time_days*24;
    }

    time_hours = (tempnum2 + local.tm_hour - thetime->tm_hour);
    time_tz = time_hours * 60 + local.tm_min - thetime->tm_min;

    if (time_tz < 0) {
        sign = '-';
        time_tz = -time_tz;
    } else {
        sign = '+';
    }

    snprintf(tzbuffer, sizeof(tzbuffer), "%c%.2d%.2d", sign, time_tz / 60, time_tz % 60);
#endif
    strftime (timebuffer, sizeof(timebuffer), format, &local);

    snprintf(buffer, len, "%s%s", timebuffer, tzbuffer);
}
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void stats_event_time (const char *mount, const char *name)
{
    char buffer[100];

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    __format_time(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%a, %d %b %Y %H:%M:%S ");
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    stats_event (mount, name, buffer);
}


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void stats_event_time_iso8601 (const char *mount, const char *name)
{
    char buffer[100];

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    __format_time(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S");
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    stats_event (mount, name, buffer);
}


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void stats_global (ice_config_t *config)
{
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    stats_event (NULL, "server_id", config->server_id);
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    stats_event (NULL, "host", config->hostname);
    stats_event (NULL, "location", config->location);
    stats_event (NULL, "admin", config->admin);
}


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static void *_stats_thread(void *arg)
{
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    stats_event_t *event;
    stats_event_t *copy;
    event_listener_t *listener;

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    stats_event_time (NULL, "server_start");
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    stats_event_time_iso8601 (NULL, "server_start_iso8601");
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    /* global currently active stats */
    stats_event (NULL, "clients", "0");
    stats_event (NULL, "connections", "0");
    stats_event (NULL, "sources", "0");
    stats_event (NULL, "stats", "0");
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    stats_event (NULL, "listeners", "0");
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    /* global accumulating stats */
    stats_event (NULL, "client_connections", "0");
    stats_event (NULL, "source_client_connections", "0");
    stats_event (NULL, "source_relay_connections", "0");
    stats_event (NULL, "source_total_connections", "0");
    stats_event (NULL, "stats_connections", "0");
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    stats_event (NULL, "listener_connections", "0");
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    ICECAST_LOG_INFO("stats thread started");
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    while (_stats_running) {
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        thread_mutex_lock(&_global_event_mutex);
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        if (_global_event_queue.head != NULL) {
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            /* grab the next event from the queue */
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            event = _get_event_from_queue (&_global_event_queue);
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            thread_mutex_unlock(&_global_event_mutex);

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            if (event == NULL)
                continue;
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            event->next = NULL;

            thread_mutex_lock(&_stats_mutex);
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            /* check if we are dealing with a global or source event */
            if (event->source == NULL)
                process_global_event (event);
            else
                process_source_event (event);
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            /* now we have an event that's been processed into the running stats */
            /* this event should get copied to event listeners' queues */
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            listener = (event_listener_t *)_event_listeners;
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            while (listener) {
                copy = _copy_event(event);
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                thread_mutex_lock (&listener->mutex);
                _add_event_to_queue (copy, &listener->queue);
                thread_mutex_unlock (&listener->mutex);
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                listener = listener->next;
            }

            /* now we need to destroy the event */
            _free_event(event);

            thread_mutex_unlock(&_stats_mutex);
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            continue;
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        }
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        else
        {
            thread_mutex_unlock(&_global_event_mutex);
        }
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        thread_sleep(300000);
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    }

    return NULL;
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}

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/* you must have the _stats_mutex locked here */
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static void _unregister_listener(event_listener_t *listener)
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{
    event_listener_t **prev = (event_listener_t **)&_event_listeners,
                     *current = *prev;
    while (current)
    {
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        if (current == listener)
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        {
            *prev = current->next;
            break;
        }
        prev = &current->next;
        current = *prev;
    }
}


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static stats_event_t *_make_event_from_node(stats_node_t *node, char *source)
{
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    stats_event_t *event = (stats_event_t *)malloc(sizeof(stats_event_t));
    
    if (source != NULL)
        event->source = (char *)strdup(source);
    else
        event->source = NULL;
    event->name = (char *)strdup(node->name);
    event->value = (char *)strdup(node->value);
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    event->hidden = node->hidden;
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    event->action = STATS_EVENT_SET;
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    event->next = NULL;
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    return event;
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}


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static void _add_event_to_queue(stats_event_t *event, event_queue_t *queue)
{
    *queue->tail = event;
    queue->tail = (volatile stats_event_t **)&event->next;
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}


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static stats_event_t *_get_event_from_queue (event_queue_t *queue)
{
    stats_event_t *event = NULL;
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    if (queue && queue->head)
    {
        event = (stats_event_t *)queue->head;
        queue->head = event->next;
        if (queue->head == NULL)
            queue->tail = &queue->head;
    }
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    return event;
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}

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static int _send_event_to_client(stats_event_t *event, client_t *client)
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{
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    int len;
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    char buf [200];
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    /* send data to the client!!!! */
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    len = snprintf (buf, sizeof (buf), "EVENT %s %s %s\n",
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            (event->source != NULL) ? event->source : "global",
            event->name ? event->name : "null",
            event->value ? event->value : "null");
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    if (len > 0 && len < (int)sizeof (buf))
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    {
        client_send_bytes (client, buf, len);
        if (client->con->error)
            return -1;
    }
    return 0;
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}

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static xmlNodePtr _dump_stats_to_doc (xmlNodePtr root, const char *show_mount, int hidden)
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{
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    avl_node *avlnode;
    xmlNodePtr ret = NULL;
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    thread_mutex_lock(&_stats_mutex);
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    /* general stats first */
    avlnode = avl_get_first(_stats.global_tree);
    while (avlnode)
    {
        stats_node_t *stat = avlnode->key;
        if (stat->hidden <=  hidden)
            xmlNewTextChild (root, NULL, XMLSTR(stat->name), XMLSTR(stat->value));
        avlnode = avl_get_next (avlnode);
    }
    /* now per mount stats */
    avlnode = avl_get_first(_stats.source_tree);
    while (avlnode)
    {
        stats_source_t *source = (stats_source_t *)avlnode->key;
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        if (source->hidden <= hidden &&
                (show_mount == NULL || strcmp (show_mount, source->source) == 0))
        {
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            xmlNodePtr metadata, authentication, role;
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            source_t *source_real;
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            ice_config_t *config;
            mount_proxy *mountproxy;
            auth_stack_t *stack;
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            int i;

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            avl_node *avlnode2 = avl_get_first (source->stats_tree);
            xmlNodePtr xmlnode = xmlNewTextChild (root, NULL, XMLSTR("source"), NULL);
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            xmlSetProp (xmlnode, XMLSTR("mount"), XMLSTR(source->source));
            if (ret == NULL)
                ret = xmlnode;
            while (avlnode2)
            {
                stats_node_t *stat = avlnode2->key;
                xmlNewTextChild (xmlnode, NULL, XMLSTR(stat->name), XMLSTR(stat->value));
                avlnode2 = avl_get_next (avlnode2);
            }
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            metadata = xmlNewTextChild(xmlnode, NULL, XMLSTR("metadata"), NULL);
            avl_tree_rlock(global.source_tree);
            source_real = source_find_mount_raw(source->source);
            for (i = 0; i < source_real->format->vc.comments; i++)
                __add_metadata(metadata, source_real->format->vc.user_comments[i]);
            avl_tree_unlock(global.source_tree);
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            authentication = xmlNewTextChild(xmlnode, NULL, XMLSTR("authentication"), NULL);
            config = config_get_config();
            mountproxy = config_find_mount(config, source->source, MOUNT_TYPE_NORMAL);
            auth_stack_addref(stack = mountproxy->authstack);
            while (stack) {
                auth_t *auth = auth_stack_get(stack);
                char idbuf[32];
                snprintf(idbuf, sizeof(idbuf), "%lu", auth->id);
                role = xmlNewTextChild(authentication, NULL, XMLSTR("role"), NULL);
                xmlSetProp(role, XMLSTR("id"), XMLSTR(idbuf));
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                if (auth->role)
                    xmlSetProp(role, XMLSTR("name"), XMLSTR(auth->role));
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                auth_release(auth);
                auth_stack_next(&stack);
            }
            config_release_config();
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        }
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        avlnode = avl_get_next (avlnode);
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    }
    thread_mutex_unlock(&_stats_mutex);
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    return ret;
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}

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/* factoring out code for stats loops
** this function copies all stats to queue, and registers 
** the queue for all new events atomically.
** note: mutex must already be created!
*/
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static void _register_listener (event_listener_t *listener)
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{
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    avl_node *node;
    avl_node *node2;
    stats_event_t *event;
    stats_source_t *source;
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    thread_mutex_lock(&_stats_mutex);
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    /* first we fill our queue with the current stats */
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    /* start with the global stats */
    node = avl_get_first(_stats.global_tree);
    while (node) {
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        event = _make_event_from_node((stats_node_t *) node->key, NULL);
        _add_event_to_queue(event, &listener->queue);
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        node = avl_get_next(node);
    }
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    /* now the stats for each source */
    node = avl_get_first(_stats.source_tree);
    while (node) {
        source = (stats_source_t *)node->key;
        node2 = avl_get_first(source->stats_tree);
        while (node2) {
            event = _make_event_from_node((stats_node_t *)node2->key, source->source);
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            _add_event_to_queue (event, &listener->queue);
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            node2 = avl_get_next(node2);
        }
        
        node = avl_get_next(node);
    }
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    /* now we register to receive future event notices */
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    listener->next = (event_listener_t *)_event_listeners;
    _event_listeners = listener;
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    thread_mutex_unlock(&_stats_mutex);
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}

void *stats_connection(void *arg)
{
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    client_t *client = (client_t *)arg;
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    stats_event_t *event;
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    event_listener_t listener;
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    ICECAST_LOG_INFO("stats client starting");
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    event_queue_init (&listener.queue);
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    /* increment the thread count */
    thread_mutex_lock(&_stats_mutex);
    _stats_threads++;
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    stats_event_args (NULL, "stats", "%d", _stats_threads);
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    thread_mutex_unlock(&_stats_mutex);

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    thread_mutex_create (&(listener.mutex));
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    _register_listener (&listener);
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    while (_stats_running) {
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        thread_mutex_lock (&listener.mutex);
        event = _get_event_from_queue (&listener.queue);
        thread_mutex_unlock (&listener.mutex);
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        if (event != NULL) {
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            if (_send_event_to_client(event, client) < 0) {
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                _free_event(event);
                break;
            }
            _free_event(event);
            continue;
        }
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        thread_sleep (500000);
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    }

    thread_mutex_lock(&_stats_mutex);
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    _unregister_listener (&listener);
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    _stats_threads--;
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    stats_event_args (NULL, "stats", "%d", _stats_threads);
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    thread_mutex_unlock(&_stats_mutex);

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    thread_mutex_destroy (&listener.mutex);
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    client_destroy (client);
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    ICECAST_LOG_INFO("stats client finished");
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    return NULL;
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}

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void stats_callback (client_t *client, void *notused)
{
    if (client->con->error)
    {
        client_destroy (client);
        return;
    }
    client_set_queue (client, NULL);
    thread_create("Stats Connection", stats_connection, (void *)client, THREAD_DETACHED);
}


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typedef struct _source_xml_tag {
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    char *mount;
    xmlNodePtr node;
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    struct _source_xml_tag *next;
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} source_xml_t;


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void stats_transform_xslt(client_t *client, const char *uri)
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{
    xmlDocPtr doc;
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    char *xslpath = util_get_path_from_normalised_uri(uri);
    const char *mount = httpp_get_query_param(client->parser, "mount");
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    doc = stats_get_xml(0, mount, client->mode);
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    xslt_transform(doc, xslpath, client);
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    xmlFreeDoc(doc);
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    free(xslpath);
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}

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static void __add_metadata(xmlNodePtr node, const char *tag) {
    const char *value = strstr(tag, "=");
    char *name = NULL;
    size_t namelen = value - tag + 1;
    size_t i;

    if (!value)
        return;

    name = malloc(namelen);
    if (!name)
        return;

    for (i = 0; i < (namelen - 1); i++)
        name[i] = tolower(tag[i]);

    name[namelen-1] = 0;

    xmlNewTextChild(node, NULL, XMLSTR(name), XMLSTR(value+1));

    free(name);
}

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xmlDocPtr stats_get_xml(int show_hidden, const char *show_mount, operation_mode mode)
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{
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    xmlDocPtr doc;
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    xmlNodePtr node;
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    source_t * source;
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    doc = xmlNewDoc (XMLSTR("1.0"));
    node = xmlNewDocNode (doc, NULL, XMLSTR("icestats"), NULL);
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    xmlDocSetRootElement(doc, node);

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    node = _dump_stats_to_doc (node, show_mount, show_hidden);
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    if (show_mount && node) {
        avl_tree_rlock(global.source_tree);
        source = source_find_mount_raw(show_mount);
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        admin_add_listeners_to_mount(source, node, mode);
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        avl_tree_unlock(global.source_tree);
    }

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    return doc;
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}

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static int _compare_stats(void *arg, void *a, void *b)
{
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    stats_node_t *nodea = (stats_node_t *)a;
    stats_node_t *nodeb = (stats_node_t *)b;
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    return strcmp(nodea->name, nodeb->name);
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}

static int _compare_source_stats(void *arg, void *a, void *b)
{
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    stats_source_t *nodea = (stats_source_t *)a;
    stats_source_t *nodeb = (stats_source_t *)b;
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    return strcmp(nodea->source, nodeb->source);
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}

static int _free_stats(void *key)
{
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    stats_node_t *node = (stats_node_t *)key;
    free(node->value);
    free(node->name);
    free(node);
    
    return 1;
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}

static int _free_source_stats(void *key)
{
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    stats_source_t *node = (stats_source_t *)key;
    avl_tree_free(node->stats_tree, _free_stats);
    free(node->source);
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    free(node);
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    return 1;
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}

static void _free_event(stats_event_t *event)
{
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    if (event->source) free(event->source);
    if (event->name) free(event->name);
    if (event->value) free(event->value);
    free(event);
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}
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refbuf_t *stats_get_streams (void)
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{
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#define STREAMLIST_BLKSIZE  4096
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    avl_node *node;
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    unsigned int remaining = STREAMLIST_BLKSIZE;
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    refbuf_t *start = refbuf_new (remaining), *cur = start;
    char *buffer = cur->data;
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    /* now the stats for each source */
    thread_mutex_lock (&_stats_mutex);
    node = avl_get_first(_stats.source_tree);
    while (node)
    {
        int ret;
        stats_source_t *source = (stats_source_t *)node->key;

        if (source->hidden == 0)
        {
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            if (remaining <= strlen (source->source) + 3)
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            {
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                cur->len = STREAMLIST_BLKSIZE - remaining;
                cur->next = refbuf_new (STREAMLIST_BLKSIZE);
                remaining = STREAMLIST_BLKSIZE;
                cur = cur->next;
                buffer = cur->data;
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            }
            ret = snprintf (buffer, remaining, "%s\r\n", source->source);
            if (ret > 0)
            {
                buffer += ret;
                remaining -= ret;
            }
        }
        node = avl_get_next(node);
    }
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    thread_mutex_unlock(&_stats_mutex);
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    cur->len = STREAMLIST_BLKSIZE - remaining;
    return start;
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}

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/* This removes any source stats from virtual mountpoints, ie mountpoints
 * where no source_t exists. This function requires the global sources lock
 * to be held before calling.
 */
void stats_clear_virtual_mounts (void)
{
    avl_node *snode;

    thread_mutex_lock (&_stats_mutex);
    snode = avl_get_first(_stats.source_tree);
    while (snode)
    {
        stats_source_t *src = (stats_source_t *)snode->key;
        source_t *source = source_find_mount_raw (src->source);

        if (source == NULL)
        {
            /* no source_t is reserved so remove them now */
            snode = avl_get_next (snode);
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            ICECAST_LOG_DEBUG("releasing %s stats", src->source);
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            avl_delete (_stats.source_tree, src, _free_source_stats);
            continue;
        }

        snode = avl_get_next (snode);
    }
    thread_mutex_unlock (&_stats_mutex);
}