Set _USE_MATH_DEFINES for MSVC builds.

Add this define to lib/os.h and test/util.c so M_PI is available
when building with Microsoft's math.h. On other systems, it's
typically enabled by default, e.g. through __USE_XOPEN or __USE_GNU.

We already had a fallback definition of M_PI in os.h which was
used by the core library, but not included in the test harness,
which failed to compile under CMake and MSVC.

Using the system define should be more consistent.

Based on a patch by Ozkan Sezer.
2 jobs for math_defines in 1 minute and 42 seconds (queued for 4 seconds)